The Difference Between Angiosperms and Gymnosperms

There are millions of plant species, all of which are seed-bearing and come from some form of rudimentary ovule. However, there are only two types of seed-bearing plants that all species can be categorized as depending on their seed attributes: angiosperm or gymnosperm.

Continue reading to learn the difference between the two and how it may affect your landscaping season to season.

Indianapolis Tree Service 317-783-2518
Indianapolis Tree Service 317-783-2518


Angiosperms are any type of flowering plant whose seeds (ovules) are enclosed in an ovary (usually a fruit). In more understandable language, angiosperms are common gardening plants that bloom flowers from a hidden seed that is typically enclosed inside a fruit that develops from carpels. With an estimated 250,000 to 400,000 species of angiosperms on the planet, they are often considered the dominant plant-life on Earth.

Common Examples of Angiosperms:

🌷 Lilies
🌷 Orchids
🌷 Roses
🌷 Sunflowers
🌷 Oak Trees
🌷 Maple Trees
🌷 Fruit-Bearing Trees

Angiosperm Attributes:

🌼 Softwood
🌼 Non- Perennial
🌼 Triploid Tissue
🌼 Flat Leaves
🌼 Unisexual or Bisexual
🌼 Cotyledons Present in Monocots and Dicots


In contrast to angiosperms, gymnosperms are a vascular plant whose seeds are not enclosed inside an ovary. Gymnosperms do not produce flowers or fruit, and instead have exposed, or naked, seeds on its surface. Also in contrast to angiosperms, the number of gymnosperm species are significantly lower, with less than 1,000 on the planet. are haploid

Common Examples of Gymnosperms:

🌲 Pine Trees
🌲 Conifers
🌲 Cycads
🌲 Spruce Trees
🌲 Firs

Gymnosperm Attributes:

🍁 Hardwood
🍁 Perennial
🍁 Haploid Tissue
🍁 Scale or Needle-Like Leaves
🍁 Absence of Cotyledons

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Indianapolis Tree Care 317-783-2518
Indianapolis Tree Care 317-783-2518
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