Spring is just about here, and tree pruning is a critical part of spring tree care. Trees must be pruned to promote new, strong, healthy growth, as well as, to promote safety and security of landscaping trees. Not only is tree pruning a vital component to your tree’s overall health, but it is also a dangerous job that requires decades of hands-on experience and practice. It also requires specific tools, equipment, and most importantly, the right knowledge.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Improper tree pruning can kill trees, so the techniques and methods used to prune trees is very specific. In fact, the Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA) developed a set of standards for proper tree pruning that is used among true professional tree service contractors. This set of voluntary industry consensus standards was written by the Accredited Standards Committee (ASC), and is called the American National Standards Institute A300, or ASC A300. They are the generally accepted industry standards for tree care practices. They continue the initiative of developing consensus performance standards based on current research and sound practice for writing specifications to manage trees, shrubs, and other woody plants.
The Parts of ANSI A300
Tree pruning is only the first part of the ANSI A300. It other parts include soil management, supplemental support systems, lightning protection systems, management, planting and transplanting, integrate vegetation management, root management standard, tree risk assessment, and IPM (pest management).
ANSI A300 Tree Pruning Standards Cover:
☙ Pruning Objectives ☙ Pruning Systems ☙ Pruning Specifications ☙ Pruning Cuts ☙ Pruning Practices ☙ Palms and Similar Plants ☙ Pruning Definitions
Winter is hard on trees. It may not look like it, but the cold climate and harsh conditions can cause a long list of hardships, even for coniferous trees like evergreens. The ultimate way to better protect your evergreen landscaping trees from freezing temperature and inclement winter weather is stay on top of your routine tree care checklist throughout the winter season. Additionally, consider adding anti-desiccant treatments to your checklist too. Unsure about the effects and applications of anti-desiccants on evergreen trees? You are not alone.
Continue reading to learn some brief, fundamental facts about such tree care treatments, including how they help trees survive the winter and where you can find trusted winter tree service near you.
Coniferous Tree Damage in Winter
In general, the most damaging effect on trees is the loss of moisture they experience. Through tiny pores on their needles or leaves, trees will lose moisture and dry out. Because of the extreme dry air and harsher winds, the rate of moisture loss in trees is drastically accelerated, which causes a faster decline compared to other seasons of the year. Coniferous trees react to these elemental conditions by drawing more and more water from the roots to feeds the leaves or needles. As a result, trees experience all sorts of health problems, primarily needle discoloration and loss. This tree health problem is known as winter burn, or winter desiccation.
Anti-DesiccantsCan Prevent Winter Burn
A common method of preventing the affects of winter weather and moisture loss in trees, including winter burn, is to include anti-desiccant treatments to your regular tree care routine. Anti-desiccants are effective at abating this cycle of water over-consumption and needle loss in trees because they are specially formulated to stop moisture in its tracks. Anti-desiccant treatments are a wax coating application applied to the needles and leaves of trees that acts as a barrier against harsh winters, freezing temperatures and dry air. Think of anti-desiccant coatings like your hand moisturizers or house humidifiers, which promote moisture retention and abates moisture loss in our skin.
Additional Ways to Protect Trees in Winter:
► Mulch Around Trees ► Insulate/Wrap Tree Trunks ► Brace Young or Vulnerable Trees ► Prevent Deer Damage ► Remove Heavy Snow on Branches ► Keep Ice Salts Away ► Prune in the Spring and Fall ► Annual Tree Inspections
Where to Get Winter Tree Service in Indianapolis, Indiana
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for Indianapolis tree service you can trust. We are highly trained and experienced tree care technicians that offer commercial and residential tree services at affordable prices. Request an estimate or advice anytime. Contact us to learn more about tree care in Indianapolis, IN today.
Winter storms can bring about a mixture of freezing rain, snow, ice, hail, lightening, and more. So long as you have strong, healthy trees, you can rest assure they will stand up to this type of inclement, seasonal weather that is to be expected. But if you have young, weak, newly planted, or vulnerable trees on your property, there is a smaller chance that they will thrive through a winter storm spell. If you do not do what it takes to protect your landscaping trees from winter storm conditions, you are at a much higher risk of waking up to storm damaged trees.
Continue reading to learn the top 4 winter storm preparation tree care tips, and how to get started with a professional tree inspection.
4 Ways to Stronger and Healthier Trees
❶ Routine Tree Care and Pruning
Trees with denser canopies, strong branches, and healthy roots are trees that will stand up to winter weather and storms. In order to achieve this for your landscaping trees, they should be serviced at least bi-annually by a licensed tree care provider for tree pruning, fertilizing, trimming, and inspection. Tree pruning is one of the most vital routine tree services that make for stronger, healthier trees, and should be the main area of focus in the fall or early spring. Talk to your Indianapolis tree service company to learn your recommended tree care schedule.
❷ Year-Round Mulching
Trees need to be mulched if you want any chance at success. Mulch plays many important functions for trees, and the roots below. With a wide perimeter of mulch around the base of your trees, the root systems are well-moistened, and the trunk is protected from potential lawnmower damage. Furthermore, mulch contains organic constituents that are pertinent to the nutrition of the soil and quality of the root system.
Mulch is a year-round necessity for trees, as it preserves the heat of the sun and prevents the ground from freezing in harsh temperatures. All of this helps promotes healthy tree growth come spring and summer. When mulching your trees in spring and fall, aim between 2 and 3 inches of mulch at the base, but be sure not to allow the mulch to “crawl” up the trunk of the tree.
❸ Protection Against Lightning
Although lightening is not a major threat during the winter season, you still need to protect your trees against lightening damage year-long. This way, your trees will remain strong and resilient when the winter weather is upon us. To do this, consider installing a quality lightning protection system. These devices will direct electrical currents away from the tree, sending them down a sequence of wires and into the ground.
❹ Tree Cavity Management
Tree cavities might not seem like they are a big threat, but they are a common influence on how well a tree can withstand inclement winter weather conditions. The more hollowed a tree, the less stable it is, and therefore, more susceptible to strong winds and rains, or heavy snow and ice. So, keep an eye out on all tree cavities, and monitor their progress. If you are noticing that one tree cavity is growing too large, you will need to have that tree inspected, and possibly cabled or braced for the winter.
A Complete Tree Care Offers Winter Tree Protection Service in Indianapolis
Just like you would the rest of your home, prior to the cold season arriving, it is important to prepare your trees for winter conditions. Weakened, exposed, or otherwise vulnerable trees can be subjected to irreversible damage caused by inclement weather. Prevent losing your landscaping trees from these causes and more by implementing some winter protection.
Continue below to learn some professional tips on how to winterize your trees before winter is here.
Tree Winterization Advice You Should Consider
Even though trees look like they are dead or inactive in the winter, they are actually alive and well. They are working hard to regulate their metabolism and stay strong till spring season blooming. Even in winter, trees are growing at their roots, limbs, and more. To help trees accomplish this through the winter, implement some important seasonal tree care practices.
Here are some tips for winterizing your trees:
Until the ground is frozen and the first full frost has fallen, it is not too late to prune back some of your landscaping trees. Just be sure you are extensively experienced and retain the proper tools for the job, or hire a professional tree service company in Indianapolis for insured work you can trust.
☙ Mulching and Aeration
The changing weather conditions in winter also affect the temperature and moisture levels in the soil, which are important to tree health. For this reason and more, it is wise to aerate the soil surrounding your landscaping trees to ease compaction, and follow up with a proper mulching around the base of the tree trunk.
☙Fertilization and Watering
Using a balanced fertilizer is optional when it comes to tree winterization, however, it is highly recommended. Be sure you know what you are doing in terms of tree fertilization, otherwise, it is even more recommended to hire a certified arborist for the job. For ornamental and fruit trees, a dormant spray might also be a good addition to pre-winter tree care. Talk to your arborist for advice.
Certified Arborist and Tree Service Experts in Indianapolis, Indiana
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for professional arborist and tree care service in Indianapolis, Indiana and its surrounding counties. We are experienced tree care technicians that can resolve your tree problems, regardless of your projects size or scope. We offer a wide range of tree removal and tree services, for both residential and commercial properties. We even offer free estimates and free tree care advice!
Finding a tree that you like to look at is just one aspect of choosing the right tree for your lot. There are plenty more factors to consider if you want your tree to grow strong and last a long time. One such factor that seems to hold homeowners back from reaching their landscaping goals is overexposure to sun. Especially for new construction homes, there can be many areas of a lot that do not have any sources of shade.
In this case, planting a tree that is not suitable to full-sun exposure can end in failure. After all, how frustrating would it be to spend several hundred dollars on a new tree, only for it to decline the following season? Even a 30 or 90-day guarantee from your landscaping retailer won’t help since often times, damage shows up the season after too much sun exposure.
Continue reading to learn which species of tree are both hardy to Indiana, and suitable for a full-sun location in your yard!
Drought-Tolerant, Full-Sun Tree Species
The USDA Hardiness Zones for Indiana are 5 and 6, specifically 5b, and 6a, and 6b. Common trees that are hardy to Indiana zones include Ash, Cedar, Pine, Hemlock, Elder, Birch, Beech, Cherry, Walnut, Chestnut, Buckeye, Hickory, Locust, Magnolia, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Sweetgum, Sycamore, Willow, and more. However, the most common tree species that do very well in Indiana climates, plus can thrive in full-sun or drought-tolerant conditions include:
American Sweet Gum Autumn Blaze Red Maple Tree Ash Tree Ginkgo Trees Quaking Aspen Tree Yoshino Cherry Tree Kwanzan Cherry Tree Autumn Cherry Tree Okame Cherry Tree Blue Point Juniper Sugar Maple Tree Emperor One Japanese Maple
Robinson Crabapple Tree Amberglow Redwood Tree Red Dogwood Tree White Dogwood White Kousa Dogwood Tree Butterfly Bush Dura Heat River Birch Eastern Redbud Redbud Trees Superior Hybrid Poplar Tree American Sycamore Tree Blue Moon Reblooming
Tree Planting Tips
When you plant a new tree, you can expect it to require a little more attention than the rest of your landscaping trees. That is because the root system is still being introduced into the soil and acclimating to its new surroundings. Here are some tips that will put you on a path of success:
For the first several months, you must check the soil every day, and water your transplanted tree every few days. Just be sure to not over-water; two or three times a week is a great starting off point. If it rains, check the top few inches of soil around the base of the tree for moisture first.
Laying mulch around the base of your trees is a highly effective method of supporting healthy growth and prolonging their life. Although you do not need to re-mulch every week, it is important to check on your mulch beds every day to ensure they are still doing their job.
It is important to inspect the branches of your transplanted tree every day to assess its pruning needs. Pruning should take place right after you transplant your tree. No more than 25% of a tree’s foliage should be removed in a year. Be sure to have a licensed tree service company perform your annual pruning needs to ensure that the proper ANSI tree pruning standards are applied.
Inspect your tree every day to ensure it is growing as it should. If it is not, fertilizer may be an option. Fertilizer should only be applied AFTER the first year of tree transplanting. Stressed trees should never be fertilized.
It is important to minimize the level of danger that can be imposed onto your new tree. This includes taking into consideration lawn mowers, sprinkler systems, nuisance wildlife, pets, herbicides, pesticides, and more.
Get Trusted Tree Care Advice and Tree Service in Indianapolis
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for experienced tree service in Indianapolis and throughout Central Indiana. We offer a wide range of residential and commercial tree services, including tree removal, tree trimming, stump grinding, stump removal, lot clearing, and more. If you want professional and efficient service you can trust, Complete Tree Care is the right call!
Be sure you know exactly how to manage your landscaping trees
this spring with these vital tree care reminders!
Critical Root Zone (CRZ)
The critical root zone of a tree is also referred to as a
“tree protection zone.” Essentially, it is an invisible or imaginary circle that
runs along or just outside the dripline of a tree. This area is important to a
tree because it is where the most critical tree roots are located beneath the
ground. That is why it is also called a “protection” zone. These are the roots
that require the most protection and care. Adequate mulching is an effective
method for protecting your tree’s critical root zone. In fact, in terms of tree
health, mulch is just as important as fertilizer and water.
One of the most important parts of taking care of your trees
is to make sure they have adequate water. This is especially true for newly
planted trees and young trees. After a tree is planted, it is important to
water it immediately, then continue watering it regularly over the next two
years. Mature trees only require watering during periods of drought, when the
soil feels dry to the touch. Keep in mind that too much water can be just as
harmful. So, it is important to use just the right amount to keep your trees in
good health. To check, use your garden trowel to penetrate the soil 4 to 6
inches deep, then pry the soil back and feel the dampness of the soil.
Laying mulch around the base of your trees is a highly
effective method of supporting healthy growth and prolonging their life.
Although you do not need to re-mulch every week, it is important to check on
your mulch beds every day to ensure they are still doing their job. Mulch helps
retain moisture and block out excess heat and UV exposure. This helps to keep a
tree in good health. If the mulch seems low, put down another layer. Apply new
mulch entirely, every year. The rule of thumb when it comes to proper mulching
is to keep layers between 2 and 4 inches deep, and at least 6 inches from the
base of the trunk.
See our recent blog, “How
to Prepare Your Trees for Spring Weather Conditions” to learn all your
options for staking a tree. From there, you can better determine which type of supplementary
structural support or protection your landscaping trees need to survive the
season. Common industry methods include cabling and bracing, propping, guying, and
of course, staking. Talk to your local tree care specialist about tree staking
methods and advice when in doubt. They have the tools, training, and knowledge
to guide you in the direction of healthy tree care.
Tree fertilization helps to make up for any nutrient
deficiencies that might be at play. It provides added nutrients, which in turn
help a tree grow strong and healthy, and thus, live much longer. Not only does
this help a tree look beautiful and deep in color, it gives the tree durability
and an increased resistance to inclement weather, disease, pests, nuisance
wildlife, and other forms of environmental bearings.
Trimming and Pruning
One of the most important tree services you can outsource
for your landscape is pruning. Not only does pruning promote healthy growth, it
also encourages flowering and fruit production, making prettier and more profitable
trees. In addition to pruning, tree trimming is a highly beneficial, and often times
quite necessary, tree service that is something to consider for your property. Tree
trimming helps control overgrown limbs and canopies that can pose potential
dangers and obstructions.
Professional Tree Care Service for Indianapolis
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for prompt and professional Indianapolis tree service you can trust. We are experienced tree care technicians that can resolve your tree problems, regardless of your projects size or scope. We offer a wide range of tree removal and tree services, for both residential and commercial properties. We even offer free estimates and free tree care advice!
With Spring right around the corner, now is the right time to
be thinking about tree cabling, staking, and bracing. These are excellent tree protection
measures to take in order to reduce the likelihood of tree damages caused by
heavy winds and rainstorms, which spring is known for. Continue reading to
learn about each method of tree protection, and what you can do to ensure your
landscaping trees are ready to take on the seasonal inclement weather up ahead.
The very root of tree protection starts at the very
beginning of a tree’s life. Routine tree care, such as fertilizing, mulching,
watering, trimming, and pruning, are all vital to the overall success of a tree’s
health and survival. Without proper tree care, trees do not grow to their fullest
potential, and as a result, are weaker and more susceptible to damage, disease,
and pest infestation.
Along with proper tree care are several methods you can implement
to ensure your trees are protected during seasons of inclement weather, namely
spring. This is especially important for young or newly planted trees. Among
the various methods of tree protection, cabling, bracing, and staking are the
most popular and effective.
Tree Cabling and Bracing
The objective of tree cabling is to limit the degree of
movement in certain branches and limbs, or for the complete tree. This is
accomplished by installing a variety of cables, wires, and hardware like
anchors and hooks. Tree bracing is similar to cabling in many ways. It is
implemented with the purpose of maintaining certain distance and limiting movement
between two leaders (trunks) of a tree. Rods are used to keep two trunks from
growing farther apart, or moving sideways against each other. Bracing is also
used reconnect broken limbs.
Young or newly-planted tree require additional support throughout
the entire year, until they are strong enough to stand on their own. Tree
staking is one practice that is perfect for this job. Tree staking helps protect
unstable trees against all sorts of environmental damage, including storm
damage, wind damage, breakage, leaning, and other destructive conditions.
Tree guying is the practice of securing a tree to the ground
with the purpose of reducing movement. In turn, this prevents the tree from
toppling over or breaking apart. It is traditionally implemented by installing
anchors to a tree and in the ground, and then connecting them with a cable.
Tree props are built and installing in the ground to act as
a backing or support for trees. They are installed to support both trunks and
limbs, and mostly used for trees that are leaning or in the way. For instance,
if a tree has a large limb that dangles over and blocks your gate, you could
use a prop to keep the limb from drooping so slow.
Call Us for Trusted Tree Services in Indianapolis
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for prompt and professional Indianapolis tree service you can afford. We are experienced tree care technicians that can resolve your tree problems, regardless of your projects size or scope. We offer a wide range of tree removal and tree services, for both residential and commercial properties. We even offer free estimates and free tree care advice!
Now that the holidays are all over, all that’s left until Valentine’s and St. Pat’s is the winter season. Fortunately, that gives us plenty of time to get around to our other homeowner duties, like tree care. Right now is the perfect time to prune your landscaping trees if you want to ensure strong and abundant growth next season. However, many are afraid to do too much with their dormant trees this time of year in fear that they may do some damage. The truth is, tree dormancy is the best time to prune trees.
Continue reading to learn why, and for some more winter tree care pruning tips you will need.
Trimming vs. Pruning
There are many reasons to trim a tree. Trimming down foliage
and branches can eliminate obstacles and obstructions, improve look, produce ornamental
appeal, and deliver certain functions, like privacy or shade. However, tree
pruning is another story. The purpose of pruning trees is to jump start spring growth
spurts, as well as, render fuller, brighter, more balanced growth.
When to Prune
The best time to prune a tree is in winter when they are
dormant and have little to no foliage. Not only does this allow better manageability,
bark and tissue wounds recover faster, far before new growth can begin. In
spring and summer when tree growth is active, open wounds from pruning are at
higher risk of developing infections, pest infestations, and more. These developments
can quickly cause a full decline in tree health, even with treatment. Furthermore,
trees require more water when they are healing, which can make spring or summer
pruning problematic since the tree is active and already needs water. This
might leave a tree without enough water.
How to Prune
Pruning is a delicate practice that requires astute knowledge and skill that is only achievable through years of experience. For this reason, you need a professional and seasoned Indianapolis tree care contractor to prune trees properly. A single incorrect cut can cause an entire tree to die, making professional service non-negotiable.
Indianapolis Tree Care and Pruning Service
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for professional Indianapolis tree trimming and pruning services you can trust. We are an experienced and reputable Central Indiana tree care company that offers a wide range of tree services for both residential and commercial properties, including tree removal, stump removal, lot clearing, and more. We even offer free estimates and free tree care advice!
As a property owner, there are a few things you need to know before outsourcing professional tree service. Whether you need routine tree care such as trimming or pruning, or major tree work like large tree removal or lot clearing, you need a company that can be trusted to deliver safety, quality, and efficiency on every job. And to find the right tree care company, you need to know what to look for.
Continue reading to learn how to hire a dependable tree service company who can manage the size and scope of your tree service needs.
When it comes time to research tree care companies, it is
important to look for signs of professionalism and skill. The very first thing
you want to look for in a tree service company is experience. In an industry
like this, hands-on experience is the key to perfecting the tree care craft. At
least ten years of experience is a good start, and any more than that is an
added assurance. This is especially important for larger or more complex tree
service jobs, like stump removal and storm damage clearance.
Aside from experience, there are a few other credentials to
look for in a tree service company. Licensing and insurance is key when it
comes to any service-oriented company. So be sure your choice of service is
licensed and insured. Not only does this protect you, it ensures that your
property is in the hands of certified professionals.
Request estimates from your potential tree service candidates
to compare pricing and overall costs. Not only will this help you gain an
understanding of the average cost of tree service, it will allow you to compare
competitors’ prices and choose which ones seems the most fair and the least
suspicious. Keep in mind that if the estimate is drastically lower than the
average cost of the other estimates you’ve received, it could be an indication
of unethical work. So take oddly-low estimates as a warning rather than a
Quality Labor and Equipment
Make sure your tree service company retains the proper
equipment to provide safe and efficient tree work. But also be sure they are
fully-staffed to manage the size and scope of your tree service needs. A
fully-equipped and staffed tree service company is a sign that they are a
reputable team to hire.
Indianapolis Tree Service at an Affordable Price
Call Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for Indianapolis tree services you can trust. We are highly trained and experienced tree care technicians that offer commercial and residential tree services at affordable prices. As professional tree specialists, we know precisely how to manage each and every tree service job requested of us. We only use quality equipment to carry out our tree care services and never neglect safety. And if you have a tree emergency after regular business hours, we offer two separate after-hours phone lines!
If you are a new homeowner, or simply new to the landscaping and gardening world, you will soon discover that trees are an important part of your property, and require routine care in order to grow and thrive to their full capacity. One place to start when it comes to tree care is terminology. By reviewing some common tree care terms, you will better understand your research and be better prepared to discuss your tree care needs with a professional.
Continue reading and you will find a helpful glossary full of need-to-know tree care terms used for residential and commercial tree service.
Tree Care Terminology
Tree care is phrase used to describe the requirements and process for maintaining healthy, thriving trees. This includes routine inspections for pests, insects, and tree diseases, as well as, routine tree trimming, pruning, fertilizing, watering, and more. Already a bit confused? Don’t worry! These terms, along with a few others, will be covered below!
Crown or “Canopy” – This is the upper part of a tree. It is measured from the lowest branch to the longest, most outward branch, and again to the highest point of the tree. This includes all branches, leaves, and foliage.
Tree Trimming – Shortening the limbs and twigs of trees for the purpose of adding light and air flow, removing dead or disease branches, reducing obstructions, promoting new growth, and more.
Tree Pruning – Selectively removing branches or stems for the betterment of the whole tree. This is done for the same purposes as trimming.
Tree Thinning – This is a preferred method of tree pruning. Selectively removing interior growth and thinning out branch tips.
Tree Shaping – To selectively trim foliage and branches of trees to achieve an appealing or desired shape.
Tree Topping – To completely remove all top portions of a tree. It is considered by many to be an unnecessary and highly-detrimental practice.
Tree Pollard – This is a drastic means of tree pruning that involves the removal of all green growth and foliage, giving trees a “hat rack” appearance.
Shirt Raise – To prune only the lower branches and foliage of trees. This enables better access, reduces obstructions, and promotes more sunlight.
CODIT – Compartmentalization of Decay in Trees.
Dead-Wooding – Removing all dead, dying or diseased branches, twigs, limbs, and growth on a tree.
Root Prune – Severing sections of tree roots that pose hazardous or structural threats to its surroundings.
Stump Grinding – Shaving or cutting down a tree stump so that it is ground level.
Stump Removal – Extracting a whole tree stump from the ground.
Deep Root Fertilization – Inserting a probe (soil needle) 8 to 12 inches into the soil below the base of a tree, and then injecting a liquid fertilizer directly to the root system to provide additional nutrients for a tree.
Tree Spraying – To spray liquid insecticides and fungicides on trees to protect from pest infestations and tree diseases.
A Complete Tree Care – The Indianapolis tree care company to call for expert advice and tree service at an honest and fair price.
Call A Complete Tree Care at 317-783-2518 for professional tree removal services in Indianapolis, Indiana and its surrounding locations. Our tree care specialists have more than 30 years of experience, and retain the knowledge and skills needed to deliver quality tree service in a convenient time frame. We offer a wide range of residential and commercial tree services, from tree trimming and tree pruning, to lot clearing, stump removal, and much more. Call 317-783-2518 to request a free estimate for Indianapolis tree service, today.